The PYP curriculum
The Primary Years Program (PYP) is an international curriculum that fosters creativity, critical thinking, and communication skills. It focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both in the classroom and in the world outside. In the primary school, AIS uses a Scope and Sequence of learning expectations aligned with the National Curriculum Framework i.e. the NCERT standards. These standards also align with the Common Core curriculum used in the U.S. and many international schools. In this way, we offer a consolidated curriculum that ensures all students are able to adapt quickly to the multiple school system changes that are a part of living in a transient world.
At AIS, we are committed to structured inquiry as the vehicle for learning. Six transdisciplinary themes provide the framework for exploration and construction of knowledge. Teachers and students are guided by these transdisciplinary themes—as they design units of inquiry for exploration and study. Through this process, students develop an understanding of important concepts, acquire essential skills and knowledge, develop particular attitudes and learn to take socially responsible action.
The IB PYP Curriculum Framework
The IBO curriculum framework consists of 5 essential elements that are all transdisciplinary.
Transdisciplinary is the word that IB uses to describe a discipline that applies across all disciplines—it is interconnected and can be applied across all subjects and applied to real life. A transdisciplinary concept stretches across math, science, English, geography and ties it all together; it is not isolated to one subject. For example, the idea of change affects math, science, English, geography—the IB PYP strives to demonstrate this through learning, giving understanding to a real life world.
The PYP recognizes that it is inappropriate to dictate what every child should know in an international community. The PYP has identified themes, or areas of knowledge, which are used to organize the 6 Units of Inquiry, taught from early childhood through grade 7. These Units of Inquiry provide the framework (as opposed to a text book curriculum) for a wide variety of resources to be explored in order to accomplish the objectives within each Unit of Inquiry:
- Who we are: An inquiry into the nature of the self; beliefs and values; personal, physical, mental, social and spiritual health; human relationships including families, friends, communities, and cultures; rights and responsibilities; what it means to be human.
- Where We Are in Place and Time: An inquiry into orientation in place and time; personal histories; homes and journeys; the discoveries, explorations and migrations of humankind; the relationships between and the interconnectedness of individuals and civilizations, from local and global perspectives.
- How We Express Ourselves:An inquiry into the ways in which we discover and express ideas, feelings, nature, culture, beliefs and values; the ways in which we reflect on, extend and enjoy our creativity; our appreciation of the aesthetic.
- How the World Works:An inquiry into the natural world and its laws; the interaction between the natural world (physical and biological) and human societies; how humans use their understanding of scientific principles; the impact of scientific and technological advances on society and on the environment.
- How We Organize Ourselves: An inquiry into the interconnectedness of human-made systems and communities; the structure and function of organizations; societal decision-making; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the environment.
- Sharing the Planet: An inquiry into rights and responsibilities in the struggle to share finite resources with other people and with other living things; communities and the relationships within and between them; access to equal opportunities; peace and conflict resolution.
A Unit of Inquiry usually lasts for 4-6 weeks. The objective is to cover all 6 themes throughout the year. For example, during the Unit of Inquiry “Sharing the Planet” students may spend 6 weeks looking at the resources we have in the world and how various countries use, share and dispose of these resources. Students will answer questions like: How do these resources connect people around the world? Or, how are these resources changing and what does that mean for people? These concepts and questions move across all school subjects (i.e. math, English, geography, etc.) and apply to real life and the world around us.
There are 8 fundamental concepts expressed as key questions, to propel the process of inquiry. These universal concepts drive the Units of Inquiry but they also have relevance within and across all subject areas (transdisciplinary).
The 8 fundamental concepts are
- Form: What is it like?
- Function: How does it work?
- Causation: Why is it like it is?
- Change: How is it changing?
- Connection: How is it connected to other things?
- Perspective: What are the points of view? Reflection: How do we know?
- Responsibility: What is our responsibility?
- Reflection: How do we know?
There are 5 sets of transdisciplinary skills acquired in the process of structured inquiry. These are:
The PYP promotes 12 attitudes that we want our AIS students to feel, value, and demonstrate. They are the daily expressions of the “Learner Profile” used by teachers in teaching and by students in their learning. We feel that these are the keys to happiness and success as a person.
- Appreciation:Seeing and being thankful for the wonder and beauty of our world.
- Commitment:Being responsible for my learning, showing self-discipline, and perseverance. Sticking with a difficult task until it is completed.
- Confidence:Knowing I can do it! Having courage to take risks, using what I have learned, and making good choices.
- Cooperation:Working with others and being willing to lead or follow as needed.
- Creativity:Using my imagination while thinking and doing things.
- Curiosity:Being curious about the nature of learning, about the world, its people and cultures.
- Empathy:Being able to put myself in someone else’s place in order to understand her or him.
- Enthusiasm:Being excited about learning and life.
- Independence:Thinking and acting on my own.
- Integrity:Being fair and honest.
- Respect:Showing that I can for others, our world, and myself.
- Tolerance:Understanding, appreciating, and celebrating differences in each other.
AIS students are encouraged to reflect, to make informed choices and to take action that will help their peers, school staff, and the wider community. This is how our students demonstrate a deeper sense of learning, by applying their knowledge to service and positive action.
To view Assessment Policy: Click here
To view Language Policy: Click here
To view Special Educational Needs Policy: Click here
SCOPES & SEQUENCES
To view Science Scope & Sequences: Click here
To view Mathematics Scope & Sequence: Click here
To view Language Scope and Sequence: Click here
To view Arts Scope & Sequence: Click here
To view Social Studies Scope & Sequence: Click here
To view Role of ICT in PYP: Click here
To view Personal, Social and Physical Education Scope and Sequence: Click here
To view Exhibition Guidelines: Click here
RULES & REGULATIONS
To view Rules for IB World Schools : Primary Years Programme: Click here